How To Size A Chiller
The appropriate sizing of Chillers is an essential requirement for operational efficiency. There are a few parameters that are required for this simple calculation. They include:
- Inlet Water Temperature
- Exit Water Temperature
- Flow Rate
If you are looking to size a chiller, here are the steps to follow:
- Calculate Temperature Differential (ΔT°F)
- ΔT°F = Inlet Water Temperature (°F) – Exit Water Temperature (°F)
- Calculate BTU/hr
- BTU/hr. = Gallons per hour x 8.33 x ΔT°F
- Calculate tonnage of cooling capacity
- Tons = BTU/hr. ÷ 12,000
- Apply an oversize factor of 20%
- Ideal Size in Tons = Tons x 1.2
Let’s use the 4-step calculation above to estimate the size of chiller required to cool 20 GPM from 95°F to 45°F.
I – ΔT°F = 95°F – 45°F = 50°F
II – BTU/hr. = 20 gpm x 60 mins/hr x 8.33 x 50°F = 499,800 BTU/hr.
III – Ton Capacity = 69,972 BTU/hr. ÷ 12,000 = 41.65 Tons
IV – Oversize the chiller = 41.65 x 1.2 = 49.98
A 50-Ton Chiller is required for this application.